All submitted research articles should contain the following sections:
- Authors names and affiliations
- Corresponding author complete name , institutional affiliation/address along with phone, fax and email address
- Materials and methods
- List of Abbreviations (if any)
- Funding(if any)
- Conflict of Interest
- Figures/Illustrations (if any)
- Tables (if any)
- Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)
The title should be specific and concise and must not be more than 130 words.
An article’s abstract should be its clear, concise, and precise summary. The abstract must state the purpose of the study, short details of the methods and final conclusion.
The author must provide 6 to 8 keywords. Keep important and relevant keywords that researchers in your field will attempt so that your article will emerge in a database search. The keywords should be contained in the title or text of the manuscript.
Text of the manuscript
For Research Articles, the main text should begin on a separate page and split into the title, abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion and conclusion sections. The text may, however, be subdivided according to the fields to be discussed, backed by the List of Abbreviations (if any), Conflict of Interest, Acknowledgements, and Reference sections. For Review Articles, the manuscript should be prepared into title page, abstract, and the main text. The text may be partitioned further according to the fields of science, and accompanied by the Acknowledgements and Reference sections. The Review Article should discuss any previous notable current and old reviews in the area and contain a broad discussion starting with the general background of the field. It should then move on to discuss the remarkable features of recent developments. The authors should bypass presenting material that has already been declared in a former review. The authors are advised to show and discuss their observations in summary. The reference numbers should be given in square brackets in the text.
The Introduction section should include the background and aims of the research comprehensively.
Materials and Methods
This section provides details of the methodology used along with information on any previous efforts with corresponding references. The author should include any details for further modifications and research. Sufficient information should be provided to the reader about the original data source to enable the analysis, appropriateness, and verification of the results reported in the study.
The Method Section needs to be sufficiently detailed regarding the data presented and the results produced from it. This section should include all the information and protocol gathered for the study when it was being communicated. If the assignment is funded or financially supported by an organization to conduct the research, it should be considered in the Method Section. Methods must be result-oriented. The statement regarding the approval by an independent local, regional or national review committee (e.g., the ethics committee and institutional review board) should be part of the Methods Section.
The author should not report repeated information in the text of an article. A calculation section must include experimental data, facts, and practical development from a theoretical perspective.
The essential and main findings of the study should come first in the Results Section. The tables, figures, and references should be given in sequence to emphasize the vital information or observations related to the research. The author should avoid the repetition of data in tables and figures. Results should be precise.
The author should explore the significance of the results of the work and present a reproducible procedure. The author should avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The Results and discussions may be presented separately or combined in a single section with short and informational headings.
The author may give a small paragraph summarising the article’s contents, presenting the research outcome, or proposing further study on the subject at the end of the article under the Conclusion section.
The authors need to declare the funding sources of their manuscripts clearly by providing the name of the funding agency or financial support along with allotted grant/award number in round brackets (if applied), for instance,
“This work was financially supported by [name of the funding agency] (Grant number XXX).
Similarly, if a paper does not have any particular funding source, and is part of the profession of the authors, then the name of the employer will be expected. Authors will have to state that the funder was involved in writing, editing, approval, or decision to publish the article.
SI units should be used throughout the document. In case there is need to use the non-standard unit then you would need to include the conversion and add the non-standard unit in parenthesis.
Greek Symbols and Special Characters
Greek symbols and special characters often undergo formatting changes and get corrupted or lost while preparing a manuscript for publication. Symbols can be defined in the text. If there is an extensive list, they can be listed in the appendix.
List of Abbreviations (if any)
If abbreviations are used in the text either, they should be specified in the text where first used, or the author should provide a list of abbreviations.
If there is a need to present lengthy but essential methodological details, use appendices, which can be a part of the article. An individual appendix should be titled APPENDIX, while more extra than one can be titled APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, and so on.
Endnotes can be used instead of footnotes, as footnotes disrupt the flow of text. However if necessary, footnotes can be used. They need to be numbered properly and footnotes to tables should be marked with lowercase letters.
Supportive/Supplementary Material (if any)
Supportive/Supplementary material intended for publication must be numbered and referred to in the manuscript but should not be a part of the submitted paper. The author should provide In-text citations and a section with the heading “Supportive/Supplementary Material” before the “References” section.
The author should submit preferably in the Vancouver style. All references must be quoted completely and accurately; should be relevant to the study and referring to the original research sources. The authors, editors, and peer-reviewers should avoid Self-citation and self-interest during writing or review of the article.
Below are a few examples of references listed in the Vancouver Style:
All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section in Vancouver style. Punctuation should be appropriately applied, as mentioned in the examples given above.
Different reference formats have different citation rules. See below for some basic format standards.
The required information for a journal article is the author’s name, complete title;abbreviated journal title, year, volume number, and initial/full page numbers of cited article. It is essential to list all authors if the total number of authors is three or less, and for more than three authors, use three authors and then et al. (the term “et al.” should be in italics). Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE. The author must capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title. The rest of the title should be in lower-case, except for proper names.
 Smith SD, Jones, AD. Organ donation. N Engl J Med 2001; 657: 230-5.
 Brown JG. Asphyxiation. Med J Aust 2003; 432:120-4.
Typical Chapter Reference:
 Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press 1976; p. 165-78.
 Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 3rd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004.
 Brown AM, Stubbs DW, Eds. Medical physiology. New York: Wiley 1983.
Conference Paper and Proceedings:
 Anderson JC. Current status of chorion villus biopsy. In: Tudenhope D, Chenoweth J, editors. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of the Australian Perinatal Society; 1986: Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Perinatal Society; 1987: p. 190-6.
 Harris AH, Editor. Economics and health: 1997: Proceedings of the 19th Australian Conference of Health Economists; 1997: Sep 13-14; Sydney, Australia. Kensington, N.S.W.: School of Health Services Management, University of New South Wales; 1998.
Journal Article on the Internet:
 Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9;[cited 2004 October 15]; 329:[about 10 screens]. Available from: https://www.bmj.com/content/329/7470/825.full
Book/Monograph on the Internet:
 Dungworth D, Editor. Iron Age and Roman Copper Alloys from Northern Britain [monograph on the Internet]. Washington: Digital Monograph Series; [cited 1997]: Available from https://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue2/dungworth_index.html.
 Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9; [cited: 15 October 2004]; 329: [about 10 screens]. Available from: sis.nlm.nih.gov/Tox/ToxMain.html.
Journal with Part/Supplement:
If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.
Issue with Supplement:
 Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology 2002; 58(12 Suppl 7): S6-12.
Volume with Part:
 Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal 2002; 83(Pt 2): 491-5.
Issue with Part:
 Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumours. J Vasc Interv Radiol 2002; 13(9 Pt 1): 923-8.
 Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug.
 Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view) must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.
All diagrams, photographs, and charts are required to be considered and labeled as figures and should be numbered consecutively in the manuscripts.
Authors should mention the tools and software used to collect image data, and their settings and manipulations should be documented in the Methods section.
Captions are mandatory for all figures. These may be provided orderly at the end of the manuscript or may accompany the figures.
Figures should be included either at the end of the main text file or as separate file(s), but should NEVER be embedded in the text of the manuscript. However, if authors wish for figures to appear in the main text, a placeholder note should be mentioned in the running text, i.e. [Insert Figure-1, etc.]
Pictures that have no text or graph should be in TIFF and JPEG formats. For line art and graphs, an EPS format is preferable. If letters/text is required to be embedded in the illustrations, sans serif font would be preferred for it; such text should be of minimally possible length; but, explained in the caption.
The minimum resolution for JPEG and TIFF figures should be 300 dpi(Dots Per Inch), for EPS format figures it must be at least 800 dpi.
The required dimensions for figures are; 8.5 inches in width and 11 inches in height.
Chemical structures MUST be prepared in ChemDraw/CDX and provided as a separate file.
Data Tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word or Excel format.
- Each table should include a title/caption explaining the details discussed in the table. Detailed legends may then follow.
- Table number in bold font, i.e., Table 1, should follow a title. The title should be in small case with the first letter in caps.
- Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell are performed as black lines.
- Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals sequentially in order of their citation in the body of the text.
- Reference cited in both the table and text, please insert a lettered footnote to refer to the numbered reference in the text.
- It is adequate to present data in Tables to avoid unnecessary repetition and reduce the length of the text.
- The author must ensure the citation of each table in the text.
- The author should explain symbols and non-standard abbreviations at the end of the text.
- All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the table and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section.