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Vol. 9 No. 1 (2022)

Comparative Characteristics of Hemp Nanocellulose Extracted by Different Methods

December 20, 2022


Abstract: The study describes the extraction of nanocellulose from organosolv hemp pulp (OHP) by different methods: acid hydrolysis, oxidation in the medium of 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO) and in deep eutectic solvent (DES). OHP was obtained from renewable plant material - hemp fibers by extraction with NaOH solution and cooking using a mixture of acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide. SEM and FTIR data confirmed the reduction of cellulosic fibers and the removal of non-cellulosic components from hemp samples during their sequential thermochemical treatment. The data of X-ray structural and thermogravimetric analyzes confirmed that with increasing crystallinity index and resistance of cellulose-containing hemp samples to the influence of temperature, the obtained nanocelluloses are arranged in the following order: OHP – NCD – NCT – NCH. The values of physical and mechanical parameters of hemp nanocelluloses obtained by different methods are compared. It was established that with approximately the same values of the transverse size of hemp nanoparticles, nanocellulose obtained in the process of acid hydrolysis (NСH) has higher values of physical and mechanical parameters than nanocellulose obtained in TEMPO-medium (NCT) and in the DES (NCD).


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