Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer


Vol. 5 (2018)

Concepts of Teleoperated Robots

August 10, 2018


This paper provides basic overview of teleoperated robotic systems and their characteristics. The aim of the paper is not to describe such robotic systems in detail such as suggesting actual hardware and software, but to provide basic information, which has to be considered during the design and usage of such robot. Paper is focused on general description of functionality, characteristics and applications of teleoperated robots. Overview of potential use cases is provided with description of potential downfalls. Means of communication with the robot are discussed and elaborated with respect to reliability and safety. Available types of human to machine interfaces and sensor systems are listed and described considering reliability, safety and quality of control. Especially safety issues are highlighted, because such robots suffer from the involvement of humans in the control scheme. This paper comes to a conclusion that it is of primary importance to consider safety measures and stresses vulnerability of whole system introduced by operator and means of communication. In this paper is further stressed that in case of lost communication teleoperated robot must be able to either safely continue its function or stop. Future research will be focused on improving teleoperation via virtual reality, further improvement of autonomous features leaving operator only to decide which actions to perform and cloud computing.


  1. Springer Handbook of Robotics, Niemeyer G, Preusche C, Hirzinger G. Telerobotics. Springer 2008.
  2. Geoffrey A. Landis: Teleoperation from Mars orbit: A proposal for human exploration. In: Acta Astronautica, Volume 62, Issue 1, January 2008, pp. 59-65.
  3. Jurišica L, Hubinský P, Kardoš J. Robotika. FEI STU v Bratislave, 2005
  4. Jurišica L, Duchoň F, Szabová M, Mikulová Z. HMI of teleoperated robots. 55th conference on experimental stress analysis. EAN 2017.TU Košice, High Tatras 2017.
  5. Chris Vavra: Tipy, jak zvýšit bezpečnost a ROI u kooperativních robotů. Control Engineering Česko 25.07.16., article/tipy-jak-zvysit-bezpecnost-a-roiu-kooperativnich-robotu/
  6. Nové přístupy k bezpečnosti robotů. AUTOMA 6/2016, pp. 22-23.
  7. Škraňka P. Bezpečně ruku v ruce. Control Engineering Česko, 14.03.17. article/bezpecne-ruku-v-ruce/
  8. Hargaš Libor, Koniar Dušan, Bobek Viktor, Štofan Stanislav, Hrianka Miroslav: Sophisticated measurement of nonelectrical parameters using image analysis. In: Robotics in education: proceedings of the 1st international conference: RiE 2010: Bratislava, Slovakia, September 16-17, 2010, pp. 253-257.
  9. Cádrik Tomáš, Takáč Peter, Ondo Jaroslav, Sinčák Peter, Mach Marián, Jakab František, Cavallo Filippo, Bonaccorsi Manuele: Cloud-based robots and intelligent space teleoperation tools. In: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing volume 447: RiTA 2015, pp. 599-610.
  10. Juruš Ondrej, Sukop Marek, Špak Michal, Štofa Miroslav: Manipulator arm for robot SCORPIO. In: American Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol.4, no.7 (2016), pp. 349-352.
  11. Suomela Jussi. From teleoperation to the cognitive humanrobot interface. In: Helsinki University of Technology, Automation Technology Laboratory. Series A, Research reports, 26, 2004.
  12. Introlab: Telerobot. Acquired at:
  14. Radiance: The Davinci robot. Available at:
  15. Národné centrum robotiky: Naše vybavenie. Acquired at:
  16. Telerobotics for hang-up assessment and removal - AusIMM Bulletin February 2017 AusIMM Bulletin
  17. Springer Handbook of Automation. Editors: Shimon Y. Nof. Teleoperation.Luis Basañez, Raúl Suárez. Acquired at:
  18. Farshid Najafi, Mehdi Dadvar, Soheil Habibian, Alireza Hosseini, Hossein Haeri, Mohammad Arvan, Behzad Peykari, Hamed Bagheri: RoboCup Rescue 2016 Team Description Paper MRL, Robocup Rescue 2016 TDP Collection.
  20. Quartz: Human workers will take orders from robots, and they will like it. Available at:
  21. Duchoň F. Snímače v mobilnej robotike. Bratislava: Nakladateľstvo STU, 2012. - 97 s. - ISBN 978-80-227-3801- 9.
  22. Duchoň F, Kľúčik M, Jurišica L. Reactive navigation of mobile robot with visual system. Acta Mechanica Slovaca.-ISSN, 1335-2393
  23. Spielmann R, Duchoň F, Kostroš J, Fico T, Balog R. Sensor Module for Mobile Robot, In: American Journal of Mechanical Engineering 1 (7), pp. 378-383.
  24. Jurišica L, Lipovský T. Mobile manipulators and vibration ellimination. In: ATP Journal Plus 1, 2006, ISSN 1336- 5010, pp. 81-85.
  25. Lipovský T. Coordination of Platform and Manipulator in Telerobotics. 6th International PhD Workshop "System and Control, IZOLA - simonov zaliv, Slovenia october 4.-8., 2005, pp 46
  26. Smelík L. Žádný robot není bezpečný. Bezpečná musí být aplikace. Control Engineering Česko 13.03.17,
  27. RIA TR R15.306-2016 Task-based Risk Assessment Methodolog. Available at:
  28. ISO/TS 15066:2016 Robots and robotic devices -- Collaborative robots. Available at:
  29. Top Ten Robotic Trends for the 21st Century. Institute for Global Futures.