Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer


Vol. 8 (2021)

Investigation of Hybrid Composite Properties Fabricated from Bagasse Fibers Reinforced with Al2O3 and SiC for Light Weight Applications

December 20, 2021


The primary purpose of this study was to investigate mechanical properties of hybrid composite fabricated from bagasse fibers reinforced with Al2O3 and SiC for automotive purposes. The technique applied was referred to as the hand layup technique for the fabrication of composite. The experiment was conducted based on Taguchi L9 orthogonal array design. Data shows that the maximum tensile and flexural strength were 39.9 and 56.1 MPa respectively. Hardness and impact strength were 75.05 HV and 14 J respectively. The results indicated that the increasing Al2O3 and SiC wt.% increase the tensile strength and after bagasse fiber wt.% reaches optimum values the tensile strength decreased. Increasing Al2O3 wt.%, increases flexural strength and after bagasse fiber and SiC wt.% reaches optimum values, flexural strength was decreased. Increasing bagasse fiber wt.% increases the hardness of composite, and increasing Al2O3 and SiC wt.% increases the hardness, then after reaching optimum values the hardness was decreased. Increasing Al2O3 wt.% after the optimum values decrease the impact strength, and increasing bagasse fiber and SiC wt.% increase impact strength. The developed hybrid composite material was found to be improved the properties of composites after addition of Al2O3 and SiC powder as filler materials. This thesis recommends higher institutes, automotive companies, manufacturing companies, the construction sector and the government to conduct on how to utilize this abundant waste of bagasse fiber resource.


  1. Athijayamani A, Stalin B, Sidhardhan S, and Boopathi C. Parametric Analysis of Mechanical Properties of Bagasse Fiber-Reinforced Vinylester Composites. Journal of Composite Materials 2016; 50(4): 481-493.
  2. Ayele N, Getaneh A, Negi T, and Dilnesaw Z. Effect of Planting Density on Yield and Yield Components of Sugarcane at Wonji-Shoa. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science 2014; 4(12): 583-586.
  3. Aynalem GF, and Sirahbizu B. Effect of Al2O3 on the Tensile and Impact Strength of Flax/Unsaturated Polyester Composite with Emphasis on Automobile Body Applications. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2021.
  4. Cao Y, Shibata S, and Fukumoto I.. Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Composites Reinforced with Bagasse Fibre Before and After Alkali Treatments. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 2006; 37(3): 423-429.
  5. Chandramohan D, and Marimuthu. (2011). A Review on Natural Fibers. International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences, 8(2), 194-206.
  6. Chavhan GR and Wankhade LN. Improvement of the Mechanical Properties of Hybrid Composites Prepared by Fibers, Fiber-Metals, and Nano-Filler Particles-A Review. Materials Today: Proceedings 2020; 27: 72-82.
  7. Devendra K and Rangaswamy T. Determination of Mechanical Properties of Al2 O3 , Mg (OH)2 and Sic Filled E-Glass/ Epoxy Composites. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) Www.Ijera.Com 2012; 2(5): 2028-2033.
  8. Dhibar B, Singh SV, Anwar S and Singh A. Sugarcane Bagasse Reinforced Polyester Composites. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology 2018; 4204-4211.
  9. Hemant Mohan Kawade and Narve NG. Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites: A Review. International Journal for Scientific Research and Development| 2017; 5(9): 2017 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613
  10. Mochane MJ, Mokhena TC, Mokhothu TH, Mtibe A, Sadiku ER, Ray SS, Ibrahim ID and Daramola OO. Recent Progress on Natural Fiber Hybrid Composites for Advanced Applications: A review. Express Polymer Letters 2019; 13(2): 159-198.
  11. Mukesh Mathur MN, Bairwa K, Singh A and Professor A. Experimentation and Optimization of Sugar Cane Bagasse (SCB) Dust Reinforced Epoxy Based Composite 2018; 8(179): 179-188
  12. Rajesh S, Vijaya Ramnath B, Elanchezhian C, Aravind N, Vijai Rahul V and Sathish S. Analysis of Mechanical Behavior of Glass Fibre/Al2O3-SiC Reinforced Polymer Composites. Procedia Engineering 2014; 97: 598-606.
  13. Ramlee NA, Jawaid M, Zainudin ES and Yamani SAK. Tensile, Physical and Morphological Properties of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch/Sugarcane Bagasse Fibre Reinforced Phenolic Hybrid Composites. Journal of Materials Research and Technology 2019; 8(4): 3466-3474.
  14. Srinivas K, Lakshumu Naidu A, and Raju Bahubalendruni MVA. A Review on Chemical and Mechanical Properties of Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites. International Journal of Performability Engineering 2017; 13(2): 189-200.
  15. Subramonian S, Ali A, Amran M, Sivakumar LD, Salleh S and Rajaizam A. Effect of Fiber Loading on the Mechanical Properties of Bagasse Fiber-Reinforced Polypropylene Composites. Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2016; 8(8): 1-5.
  16. Swain PTR and Biswas S. Influence of Fiber Surface Treatments on Physico-Mechanical Behaviour of Jute/Epoxy Composites Impregnated with Aluminium Oxide Filler. Journal of Composite Materials 2017; 51(28): 3909-3922.
  17. Tadesse T. Extraction, Characterization and Evaluation of Reinforcing Nanocellulose in Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) (Doctoral dissertation, Addis Ababa University) 2017.
  18. Tripathi P and Kumar D. Study on Mechanical Behaviour of Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites. SAMRIDDHI : A Journal of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology 2016; 8(01): 34-42.
  19. Verma D, Gope PC, Maheshwari MK and Sharma RK. Bagasse Fiber Composites-A Review. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science 2012; 3(6): 1079-1092.
  20. Yohanes G. Experimental Investigation on Mechanical Properties of Hybrid Composite of Polyester Matrix Reinforced by Ceramic Particles and Jute Fiber (Doctoral dissertation, ASTU) 2020.
  21. Zakaria MS, Musa L, Nordin RM and Halim KAA. Sugarcane Bagasse Reinforced Polyester Composites: Effects of Fiber Surface Treatment and Fiber Loading on the Tensile and Flexural Properties. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 2020; 957(1).